Operating Plan

Animals
Animals are primarily intended to support field or garden crop production with meat, eggs, milk, leather, etc. as a secondary function. To this end the only animals currently being considered are chickens, goats (miniature), pigs (miniature), and rabbits. The plan is to begin with chickens, then rabbits, and then goats or pigs.

Chickens
The current plan is to have two adult pens and two grow out pens. Each adult pen will have one rooster and 4 hens. Chicks will be hatched from alternating pens each month from Middle Spring to Middle Summer. One hatch each year will be used to replace an entire adult pen.

Goats
No plan defined at this time.

Pigs
No plan defined at this time.

Rabbits
The current plan is to have two males in small cages and two females in larger cages. Females will be bred alternatively every 2 months (assuming 4 weeks for gestation and 8 weeks to wean, this provides a 4 week break).

Field
The fields are used for any crop that a) doesn’t require frequent maintenance and/or b) a large quantity is required. No specific crops have been identified at this time. Examples of fall field crops would be: winter barley, winter rye, and winter wheat. Examples of spring field crops would be: spring oats, sorghum, and soybeans. Current plan is to utilize a 3 year rotation (fall crop, break, spring crop, and break).

Garden
The gardens are used for any crop that a) requires frequent maintenance and/or b) a small quantity is required. These crops are further divided into either vegetable (cannot create its own nitrogen) or legume (can produce its own nitrogen). Current plan is to utilize a 2 year rotation (legume, vegetable) and increase this to a 4 year rotation (legume 1, vegetable 1, legume 2, vegetable 2) as time allows for the creation of more plots.

Woods

North Shelter Belt
This belt has to perform as a wind break, snow break, and food/fuel source. It is the deepest belt (currently three rows) and will eventually take up the entire north two sections.

Spacing – Between rows TBD

Row 1 – Eastern Red Cedar and Ponderosa Pine every other TBD
Row 2 – Honeylocust and Red Mulberry every other TBD
Row 3 – American Plum and Sandhill Plum every other TBD
Row 4 – Elderberry and Chokecherry every other TBD
Row 5 – Common Hackberry and Pawpaw every other TBD
Row 6+ – undetermined

Plant Need Have
Eastern Red Cedar (juniperus virginiana)
Ponderosa Pine (pinus ponderosa)
Honey locust (gleditisa triacanthos)
Red Mulberry (morus rubra)
Pawpaw (asimina triloba)
Common Hackberry (celtis occidentalis)
American Plum (prunus americana)
Sandhill Plum (prunus angustifolia)
Chokecherry (prunus virginiana)
Elderberry (sambucus canadensis)
Golden Currant (ribes odoratum)

East Shelter Belt
This belt has to perform as a wind break,and living fence. Since this is external fence, plants must have thorns and will be a mix of trees and bushes only one row deep.

Spacing – TBD

Plant Need Have
Honey locust (gleditisa triacanthos)
Common Hawthorn (crataegus monogyna)
Russian Olive (elaeagnus angustifolia)
Blackthorn (prunus spinosa)
Rose (rosa rugosa)

South Shelter Belt
This belt has to perform as a wind break and fuel source. It is intended to be kept in a coppice and so will consist of multiple rows with trees planted close together.

Spacing – 2 rows with 10’ between rows. Honey locust at each end. Burr oak at 55’ and 110’ from each end. Green ash and black locust every other 5’

Plant Need Have
Black Locust (robinia pseudoacacia) 40 1
Burr Oak (quercus marcocarpa) 8
Green Ash (fraxinus pennsylvanica) 40
Honey locust (gleditisa triacanthos) 4 1

West Shelter Belt
This belt has to perform as a wind break,and living fence. Since this is external fence, plants must have thorns and will be a mix of trees and bushes only one row deep.

Spacing – One row. TBD

Plant Need Have
Honey locust (gleditisa triacanthos)
Common Hawthorn (crataegus monogyna)
Russian Olive (elaeagnus angustifolia)
Blackthorn (prunus spinosa)
Rose (rosa rugosa)

Medial Rows
These rows serve as living fences along either side of the main drive.

Trees – Burr Oak (quercus marcocarpa) and Honeylocust (gleditisa triacanthos)
Shrubs – Common Hazel (corylus avellana), American Hazel (corylus americana)

Spacing – One row. Burr oak and honey locust every other 55’. Alternate hazels every 5’

Plant Need Have
Burr Oak (quercus marcocarpa)
Honey locust (gleditisa triacanthos)
Common Hazel (corylus avellana)
American Hazel (corylus americana)

Radial Rows
These rows serve as living fences between each section.

Spacing – One row. Honey locust every 55’. Caragana and autumn olive every other 5’

Plant Need Have
Honeylocust (gleditisa triacanthos)
Common Hawthorn (crataegus monogyna)
Caragana (caragana arborescens)
Autumn Olive (elaeagnus umbellate)

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