Chard

Swiss chard, Silverbeet

Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris – Amaranthaceae

Description

Height – 24 to 30 inches
Spread – 3 1/2 feet
Root Depth – 36 to 48 inches
Hardiness – Hardy, can tolerate light frost
Exposure – Partial shade, needs 5 hours of sun each day

Planting

Depth – 1/2 to 3/4 inch
Extensive Spacing
  In Row – Spacing between plants within row in inches
  Between Rows – Spacing between rows in inches
Intensive Spacing – 4 per square foot

Direct Seed – seeds can be presoaked
  Spring – From 4 weeks before last expected frost to 2 weeks before last expected frost
  Fall – Not normally fall planted

Transplant – Comments
  Spring Inside – From 8 weeks prior to last expected frost to 6 weeks prior to last expected frost
  Spring Outside – From 4 weeks prior to last expected frost to 2 weeks prior to last expected frost
  Fall Inside – Not normally fall planted
  Fall Outside – Not normally fall planted

Succession – One planting can be harvested all season

Requirements

Germination – 40°F to 70°F
Growth
  Soil – 60°F to 70°F
  Air – 45°F to 70°F
pH – 6.0 to 7.5
Watering – Moderate, 1″ per week
Fertilizer – Medium feeder, one main application of fertilizer and supplemental applications once every 4  weeks

Duration

Germination – 7 to 14 days
Maturity – 8 weeks
Harvest – Until after first frost

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