Bean – Common

String bean, Flageolet bean, French bean, Garden bean, Green bean, Haricot bean, or Snap bean

Phaseolus vulgaris – Fabaceae

Description

Height – Bush, 10 to 15 inches; pole, 8 to 15 feet
Spread – Bush, 4 to 8 inches; pole, 6 to 8 inches
Root Depth – Both, 36 to 48 inches
Hardiness – Tender
Exposure – Full sun

Planting

Depth – 1 to 1-1/2 inches for spring planting; 2 inches for fall planting
Extensive Spacing
  In Row – Spacing between plants within row in inches
  Between Rows – Spacing between rows in inches
Intensive Spacing – Bush, 9 per square foot; Pole, 8 per square foot

Direct Seed – Seeds can be pre-soaked for up to an hour, any longer risks splitting
  Spring – Start after last expected frost
  Fall – Stop 12 weeks before first expected frost

Transplant – Not transplanted, Any root disturbance will stunt growth
  Spring Inside – n/a
  Spring Outside – n/a
  Fall Inside – n/a
  Fall Outside – n/a

Succession – Bush, plant every two weeks; Pole, unnecessary

Requirements

Germination – 60°F to 85°F
Growth
  Soil – 70°F to 80°F
  Air – 60°F to 80°F
pH – 5.8 to 6.5
Watering – Moderate, 1″ per week
Fertilizer – Light feeder, one application of fertilizer per year with no supplemental feedings

Duration

Germination – 6 (85°F) to 16 (60°F) days
Maturity – Bush, 8 weeks; Pole, 9 weeks
Harvest – Bush, 2 to 4 weeks; Pole, continuous (12 weeks)

Harvest

Immature pods – Pods should be slender and velvety. They should snap readily.
Dry beans – Wait for the pods to dry

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